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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 70-77

The story of mouth gags

1 Department of Plastic Surgery, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Plastic Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Director, All Indian Institute of Medical Sciences, Saket Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Faisal Ameer
L-20, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College Campus, Meerut - 250 004, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2348-2125.137893

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Background: Intra-oral surgeries such as cleft palate repair essentially require holding of the jaws in the open position to facilitate access to the oral cavity, which is mostly achieved with the use of mouth gags. Materials and Methods: The objective of this article is to present an account of various types and modifications of gags as surgeons, anesthetists, and innovators attempt to make that ideal mouth gag. The authors present this compendium of development of mouth gags using articles sourced from Medline, surgical catalogs, museums, ancient manuscripts, original quotes, techniques, and illustrations. Results: This article describes notable types and variants of mouth gags with an attempt to classify them. Conclusions: The huge number of modifications done and reports of newer variants appearing at regular intervals goes to prove that we are still far from developing the ideal mouth gag.

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